通灵古玉

Big jade enters Beijing for four years

"With such a huge jade carving, the jade material used will be even larger. Most of the large jade materials are mined from the mountains. How can it be completely transported down the mountain from the mountains? It can be said that it is already an incredible thing, let alone It is said that it was shipped to Beijing from its mining site in Xinjiang." This large jade material is produced in the Milita Mountain in the Hetian area of ​​Xinjiang, where the most precious jade in China is produced. It is such a large-scale transportation capacity and technology. It is not easy to transport jade to Beijing in good condition. “Where the jade is mined, cliffs are very common. On the cliff side, you can often see the bones of the scorpion that fell below.” Then, in the Qing Dynasty without modern transportation, how the transportation project was completed, the reporter’s curiosity Suddenly mobilized.

In order to transport the 5 tons of large jade, a large wooden car with a shaft length of 11 to 12 meters was specially made. When transporting, more than one hundred horse-drawn carriages were used in front, and there were thousands of heavy-duty carts behind. It is to open the road on the mountain and meet the water. “When it encounters winter, it will pour water on the road and freeze it into an ice channel. It can reduce friction and speed up the journey.” It is understood that the average daily trip during the transportation is less than 10 kilometers, and tens of thousands of migrant workers are used. Thousands of Hummers have gone for nearly four years before they transported the big jade to Beijing.

The little finger pointed to the rise and fall of the Qing Dynasty royal family

Compared with the giant jade of tens of thousands of pounds, the jade finger can be said to be more delicate and compact, but don't underestimate this little jade finger. According to the introduction, the emperors of the Qing Dynasty, especially the emperors of the early Qing Dynasty They are very cherished for the fingers, and many of the existing forbidden palace fingers should be their personal use.

In today's real life, there are still many opportunities to see the traces of jade fingers, including the jade fingers that often appear in film and television dramas. In fact, they have evolved into a special decoration, and the earliest fingers are in The ancients used to protect their fingers when arching arrows. "Jade's finger is also called Yuge (sound with the same shot), which is a tool used to pull the bow when arching the archery." Zhang Guangwen said that the Beijing Palace Museum has a collection of "Qianlong Datu", the Qianlong wearing a picture. Handsome helmet, hanging armor, with bow and arrow, demeanor and heroic, depicting the fourth year after Emperor Qianlong's reign, that is, in 1739, a military parade was held in Nanyuan, Beijing. If you look carefully, Qianlong wears a white jade finger on his right thumb.

According to reports, as early as the Shang Dynasty, there was a finger. At that time, the fingers were cylindrical, with different materials such as leather, wood, and jade. In the Han Dynasty, the jade finger once had the shape of a sheet. At that time, some people had already Wearing it on the body, it became a simple ornament, and in the Qing Dynasty, the thumb basically returned to the tube again, although some are used for decoration, but more reflects its close relationship with the rise and fall of the Manchu. "The ancestors of the Manchus are known as the 'nationals on horseback'. They live by grazing and hunting, and live a nomadic life of migratory and carnivorous hides." Zhang Guangwen said that horseback archery was at that time. The skills that adult men must master, so bows and fingers become a must-have item in their daily lives.

Shunzhi uses the finger to determine the location of the mausoleum?

With regard to the story of the Qing emperor and the fingers, the folks also circulated a story of the Shunzhi emperor using his fingers to determine his mausoleum position. What has actually happened? The story will also start from an outing hunting by the Shunzhi emperor...

Legend has it that one day in the early Qing Dynasty, the Shunzhi emperor led the ministers to hunt in Zunhua County, Hebei Province, and captured a large number of prey. Shunzhi vertical horse whip climbed the mountain, looking far south, Jinxing Mountain such as Jinping Cui account, looking north, Changrui Mountain is overlapping, Lin Tao is surging, scenery is beautiful, like a fairyland, Shunzhi emperor can not help but express heartfelt admiration . He stood on the top of the mountain and stared into the distance, not thinking of his own afterlife. It prayed silently to the sky, gently removed the white jade fingers worn on the thumb, carefully dropped the hillside, and then proclaimed to the public: "This mountain is full of lush greenery, but it can be the sacred palace of life. It is a good point, you can start work." The subordinates went down in the direction of the jade pull finger, found jade fingers in the grass, and the pillars were marked. The first mausoleum in the Tomb of the Eastern Tomb - Xiaoling was also settled here. "Although this is just a folklore, it shows the cherished emperor of the Shunzhi emperor."

According to reports, the Palace Museum in Beijing also cherishes a "Ancient Map of Love". In the painting, the emperor of Daoguang wore a CASUAL DRESS, holding a book on his left, wearing a half-red and half-white jade finger on his right thumb, and sitting on the stone bench thoughtfully, as if immersed in the aftertaste of the book. The thumb is a tool used to pull the bow when arching the archery. It is usually worn only when the archery is worn, but the emperor of the Daoguang is wearing it while reading. It is faintly aware that the role of the finger is changing. Indeed, after the Daoguang dynasty, the emperors of the Qing dynasty greedily eased, neglected to ride and shoot, no longer mastered the ability to ride and shoot, and with the appearance of foreign guns and guns, the weapon of the bow and arrow was weakened, and the fingers used for archery and archery gradually changed. The function, from the tool of archery to the ornament, becomes a symbol of the status and identity of the emperor and the emperor.

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